Joseph Nicéphore Niépce


Niépce was born in Chalon sur Saône on 7th March 1765 and died in Saint Loup de Varennes on 5th July 1833.
After patenting a new engine in 1807, he spent his life looking for a method that could create images directly from the light.
il 1822 he created a copy of a portrait of Pope Pio VII on a glass layer covered in Judea bitumen (unfortunately, it took a few days to get the image).
In 1826 he obtained the first photograf of the world: it was a view of the fields from his window.
Since he needed money, he tried to get a grant from the Royal Society of London, unfortunately without success.
He then joined Daguerre, and together they worked on a brand new method that didn't need bitumen, but lavender oil.
After the death of Niépce, Daguerre continued the experiments and in 1839 he achieved to create the first actual photograph, the Daguerrotype.
The invention of the photograph guaranteed Daguerre and Niépce's son a prize from the French Government.


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