Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932, Alessandria, Italy-died February 19, 2016, Milan), Italian literary critic, novelist, and semiotician (student of signs and symbols) best known for his novel "Il nome della rosa" (1980; The Name of the Rose). After receiving a Ph.D. from the University of Turin (1954), Eco worked as a cultural editor for Italian Radio-Television and lectured at the University of Turin (1956-64). He then taught in Florence and Milan and finally, in 1971, assumed a professorial post at the University of Bologna. His initial studies and researches were in aesthetics, his principal work in that area being "Opera aperta".
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